Saggi di Naturali Esperienze Fatte Nell’Accademia del Cimento
Translated from Italian: Essays of Natural Experiences Made in the Academy of Experiment
s/t: under the protection of the Most Serene Prince Leopold of Tuscany and described by the secretary of that academy
indexed fourth edition
The Accademia del Cimento, an early scientific society, was founded in Florence in 1657 by students of Galileo, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli and Vincenzo Viviani and ceased to exist about a decade later. The foundation of Academy was funded by Prince Leopoldo and Grand Duke Ferdinando II de’ Medici. The main publication of the Cimento is the Saggi di naturali esperienze fatte nell’Academia del Cimento sotto la protezione del Serenissimo Principe Leopoldo di Toscan e descrittedal segretario di essa Accademia usually referred to as the Saggi. This document has been called the laboratory manual of the eighteenth century. The manual was published anonymously and took over 6 years to write. Most of the experiments discussed in the Saggi were completed within the first two years of the Cimento and the rest of the time the book went through revisions. These revisions were caused by Magalotti’s perfectionism, his growing uninterestedness with the experiments themselves, further compounded by the fact the book was being written by a committee. Recent studies show the adverse impact of the patronage culture and Prince Leopold’s desire to be known as a patron of the “new science” on the publication of the document.
This edition is newly bound, with damaged pages pasted upon fresh paper, missing text restored on the title page.